Distillation lab kalamazoo valley community college. Simple distillation lab report free download as word doc. Fractional distillation allows for separation of two. For the love of physics walter lewin may 16, 2011 duration. To explain, distillation uses vaporization and condensation to separate liquids which purifies organic liquids. I really enjoy doing this experiment because this is my first time doing distillation experiment and using a retord stands and clamps. Doc sample lab report simple and fractional distillation. If you did fractional distillation then, obtain data from a group that did simple distillation and record values in chart. A diagram of a simple distillation apparatus liq vapor liq this process is referred to as one theoretical plate.
Simple distillation simple distillation was the kind of distillation assigned to the group. Pdf simple and fractional distillation of a binary mixture. The aim of this experiment this method is used to separate the mixture of two miscible. Tamu chem 237 simple distillation and gc lab report. Distillation of fermented grape juice during a lab at butte college. A 25ml graduated cylinder was used to collect the distillate. A simple distillation figure 2 is for purifying liquids of one component separating nonvolatile liquid purify a liquid from solid contaminants, multiple liquids where the differences in boiling points is very boiling liquid from a high boiling liquid. In this article, a comparison between fractional and simple distillation has been presented, which will identify the prime differences between the two processes. Assembly of this complicated apparatus is shown in this section piece by piece. Simple distillation allows for analysis of two compounds with high boiling point difference. Zubrick, pages 144145, 150152, 155170,179183, and 305320. We will accomplish this by a separation procedure known as.
Prepare your laboratory notebook as required by your instructor. Flammability test the last member was tasked to conduct a flammability test. The recrystallization technique you learned last lab is a method for purifying solids. In fact, most of the cyclohexane seemed to have been distilled at 78 c. In this case, fractional distillation must be used. If you are doing simple distillation, then obtain data from a group that did fractional distillation and record values in chart. In this experiment, the theoretical background and the results. The difference between two apparatuses used in this lab. Zaballero group 10, 2d medical technology, faculty of pharmacy, university of santo tomas abstract distillation is the most common technique, it. Distillation ppt and pdf report download study mafia. Simple distillation lab report only hq writing services provided by top specialists.
View lab report pdf file simple distillation lab page 1 1122004 organic chemistry store. Laboratory 4 fractional distillation stockton university. Organic chemistry lab report distillation objective to. Determination of alcohol content of wine by distillation. In part a of this experiment you will carry out a simple distillation of 2propanol isopropyl alcohol, which has been contaminated with a nonvolatile impurity a dye. Abstract the purpose of the experiment is to separate hexane and toluene by simple and fractional distillation. Hence based on the results obtained it is possible that instead of cyclohexane and toluene, the mixture used for the experiment was toluene and hexane or methanol and toluene. Pdf experiment 4 simple distillation and fractional distillation. Distillation is a method of process of separating 1. The experiment is composed of a distillation apparatus, vodka, alcohol lamp and boiling stones. After performing this experiment the student will be able to. The implications for separation by distillation are obvious. Simple distillation lab repor t chm 336 csu studocu.
Madison mcvey chem 237 549 october 12 2016 simple distillation and gas chromatography lab report results the chemicals assigned to my lab station were hexane and octane the experiment called for the simple distillation of a 50 50 solution of the two chemicals where the boiling point range of each fraction of solution was determined next a. Its operation is based on differences in boiling points between components of a liquid mixture. The distillate has been s ignificantly enriched in cyclohexane. Perform a simple distillation and a fractional distillation 2. Distillation is the standard process used for separation of chemical mixtures. Simple distillation procedure report and data collection the collection and graphing of data will be done on a spreadsheet. However, in terms of an analytical distillation, it is possible to fully remove all the. This process is a viable method for separation of these two liquids because of the large separation in their boiling points. These metrics are regularly updated to reflect usage leading up to the last few days. With your download, get the 17 best papers relevant to this one, including 16 top related papers. Laboratories and technicians use distilled water for this reason, as it doesnt add anything to the component being tested. We set up both a simple and fractional distillation apparatus with 60ml of a methanolwater mixture unknown bottle c in a 100ml round bottom flask. If you are planning to major in chemistry, be ready to spend long hours in the laboratory. No formal lab report is required for this experiment.
Unit operations lab batch distillation 1 batch distillation distillation is a common method of separating and purifying liquids. A substance will boil only when the vapor pressure of the liquid is equal to the external pressure being applied by the surroundings. Before you come to the laboratory, do the pre lab assignments for this laboratory as assigned by your instructor. On doing the experiment, one finds that by carrying out one vaporization condensation step a simple distillation, starting with a 1. Simple distillation provides a perfect opportunity to develop student understanding of the role of science and technology in utilizing and managing our natural resources. Simple distillation lab report distillation continuum mechanics. Distillation is done with the use of simple distillation apparatus shown in figure 1. Distillations can be used to efficiently purify volatile. The glassware used for this apparatus is quite expensive, and undoubtedly your instructor would appreciate care being taken when using this experiment. The chosen distillation method and extent of purification will depend on the nature of the mixture, and specifically the difference of the boiling points of miscible liquids. To separate an ordinary binary mixture consisting of acetic acid and water using a sample batch distillation technique.
Simple distillation distillation separation processes. Distillation is the method of separating the elements or substances from a liquid mixture by condensation and selective evaporation. Distillation is the method used to concentrate fermented solutions and produce hard liquors. All books are in clear copy here, and all files are secure so dont worry about it. Introduction simple distillation can be used to separate components of a mixture that have a large difference in their boiling points. An assembled simple distillation apparatus is shown in figure 5. I enjoyed looking at your materials list in photos lab photos with captions. Separation of hexane and toluene by simple and fractional. After the fractional distillation apparatus was cool, it was disassembled and a simple distillation apparatus was assembled as shown in figure 2. The european community has developed a directive in order to restrict the. Simple batch distillation free download as word doc. Article views are the countercompliant sum of full text article downloads since november 2008 both pdf and html across all institutions and individuals. Simple distillation lab report research paper 1448 words.
With the purpose of the experiment being to identify the 30 ml of unknown liquid, the theoretical basis of simple and fractional distillation must be deconstructed and applied to the data obtained describing the liquid in question. Distillation might lead to basically full separation nearly pure components, or it should be a partial separation that will enhance the concentration of designated elements or. Samantha and mackenzie simple distillation of a cyclohexane and toluene mixture goals. Chemists often use this method to separate homogeneous solutions of two or more liquids. To establish a relationship between vapor pressure and boiling point. The more volatile components move up the column and the less volatile ones move down. Simple distillation is a process used to separate two liquids with boiling points that differ by a fair amount 77 f 25 c or more or to separate a liquid from a nonvolatile compound with higher viscosity. Simple distillation of vodka antonov kristel joy m. Essay example on example of simple distillation the objective of this experiment was to separate the alcohol component in the vodka antonio and to compute for its percentage of ethanol. The mixture is heated to the boiling point of the more volatile compound, which is the lower of the two boiling points. This week we will learn how to perform a distillation, a method for purifying liquids. If two components have a boiling point difference of less than 4050oc, simple distillation will not be successful at separating them. Volume ml 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 temp oc simple.
These include simple distillation, fractional steam distillation and vacuum distillation. The individual fractions were combined in the roundbottom flask, and the simple distillation was started. Distillation experiment chm226 background the distillation process is a very important technique used to separate compounds based on their boiling points. This site is like a library, you could find million book here by using search box in the header. Simple distillation is great for separating liquids with very large differences in boiling points while fractional distillation is better at separating liquids with closer boiling points.
Look up the structures and boiling points of cyclohexane and toluene. Introductionpurpose the purpose of this lab was to purify an unknown mixture of acetonewater by both fractional and simple distillation. As the azeotrope boils at a lower temperature than either pure ethanol or pure water, it is impossible to distil pure ethanol. Report format for preparation of synthetic banana oil. The vapor pressure of a pure substance is the pressure exerted by the substance against the external pressure which is usually atmospheric. Distillation distillation is a commonly used method for purifying liquids and separating mixtures of liquids into their individual components. Distillation chem 2 fall 2009 distillation is an inexpensive and relatively simple technique used to purify liquids. Fractional and simple distillation from book pdf free download link book now. Liu and peng 5 used microsoft excel to simulate the simple batch distillation of a multicomponent mixture.
Steam distillation removes contaminants from water to make it essentially inert. In part b, you will carry out a fractional distillation of a 50. Familiar examples include the distillation of crude fermentation broths into alcoholic spirits such as gin and vodka, and the fractionation of crude oil into useful products such as gasoline and heating oil. Place 23 boiling chips in the pot 500ml roundbottomed.
Notice that fractional distillation is just a modification of simple distillation. In distillation, the mixture is heated, vaporizing a substance. Fractional distillation organic lab report 2953 words 12 pages. Distilled water does not have any minerals in it, which makes. Assemble the simple distillation apparatus figure 12. Simple distillation and fractional distillation youtube.207 561 315 300 707 341 202 284 1008 727 719 1385 1312 1193 946 497 762 1516 871 560 1083 775 702 1092 1260 615 1174 831 274 1072 297 16 264 55 1444 1486 91