Mcneile department of physics and astronomy, the kelvin building university of glasgow, glasgow g12 8qq, u. The rate at which pions decay is a prominent quantity in many subfields of particle physics, such as chiral perturbation theory. In class i have explained how the qed anomaly of the axial quark current makes the neutral pion decay into two photons. Theparameterfp isthedecay constant, andisrelated to the wavefunction overlap of the quark and antiquark. The theoretical scheme exploits chiral properties of the swave. In the end, you cannot calculate the pion decay constant in chiral perturbation theory. There are several conventions which differ by factors of. On pion and kaon decay constants and their chiral su3. Charged mesons formed from a quark and an antiquark can decay to a charged lepton pair when these objects annihilate via a virtual w boson 1. Pdf 524 k pdf plus 375 k pion mass and decay constant in a relativistic independentquark model.
It is dimensionally an energy scale and it determines the strength of the chiral symmetry breaking. In pairticle pheesics, a pion short for pi meson, denotit wi. The pion decay constant can be measured in the leptonic decay of charged pions the decay rate width reads the experimental value clearly supports n c 3. In addition, pibeta is a transition between two spin zero members of an isotriplet. From the pole position of the scattering amplitude, the pion mass m. N amplitude as previously applied to the study of the medium renormalized pion mass. Khurit institute for advanced stldy, princeton, sew jersey and s. If we use the pcac relation, this may be rewritten as p 2f. Waveform analysis for a precision pion decay measurement anthony palladino for the pen collaboration. Parameters characterizing this resonance are obtained via a global sum rule fit to the hadronic. We examine dynamical chiral symmetry breaking in quantum chromodynamics qcd. Anthony palladino uva waveform analysis for a precision pion decay measurement 25 oct 08 12 23. The nucleon effective mass and the pion decay constant in nuclear matter are also calculated. The pion decay constant as a scale for hadron dynamics.
A laplace qcd sum rule treatment of the first pion excitation. The decay is by the electromagnetic interaction on a time scale of about 1016 seconds. Investigating this problem in vacuum and in medium is an important task. The pion decay constant 92 mev results from comparing the forth order selfcoupling in an. Swiftly moving charged particles produce ionization and it is this ionization that.
This chapter is intended to supplement chapter 6 of kranes excellent book, introductory nuclear physics. The kernels in these equations depend on the pionpion swave scattering amplitudes. Pdf pion decay constants in a strong magnetic field researchgate. Now, at the righthandside the dimension is two the decay constant and. Because radioactive decay is statistical in nature this relationship is approximate. The decay p starts with a spin0 meson, and ends up with a lefthanded neutrino or righthanded antineutrino.
A simple estimation of the pion beta decay rate can be done using the sargent rule that asserts the dependence of the decay probability over time to the fifth power of the energyper86. This study achieved access to the decay constant by separating the structure functions for highly forward scattering to examine the pion mass pole in the tchannel where the decay constant is linearly present in the dominate term. Related by four fundamental constants, a precise determination of. Suppose n is the size of a population of radioactive atoms at a given time t, and dn is the amount by which the population decreases in time dt. Special relativity pion decay problem physics forums. Independent of assumptions about the form of the quarkantiquark scattering kernel we derive the explicit relation between the pion bethesalpeter amplitude. We stress the importance of preserving the axialvector wardtakahashi identity in any study of the pion itself, and in any study whose goal is a. Pion decay constant for the kogutsusskind quark action in. The muon and the pion the discoveries of the muon and charged pions in cosmicray experiments and the discovery of the neutral pion using accelerators, 193651 the detection of elementary particles is based on their interactions with matter. Dimensions of the pion decay constant physics forums. Charged pion lifetime the matrix element for the weak decay is. Here, we provide comments on several aspects of this evaluation. Recent calculations of pion beta decay radiative corrections 1 in the lightfront quark model w.
The adlerweisberger and goldbergermiyazawaoehme sum rules. Besides mass spectrum and mesonquark coupling constants, the observables associated with the two photon decay of these mesons might provide useful insight into this problem, and calculations of such observables in vacuum and at. Pion mass and its decay constant have been studied in a chiral symmetric potential model of independent quarks. The pion beta decay experiment and a remeasurement of the. Nucleon axial charge and pion decay constant from twoflavor lattice. This gives since the pion mass difference d is the source of the transition energy cza93. Limits on the neutrino mass and mixing angle from pion and. As a result of this state mixing, the decay amplitudes and decay constants also mix. L and the three pion decay is hard to see given the large background from the cpconserving k0 l decays. In particle physics, the pion decay constant is the square root of the coefficient in front of the kinetic term for the pion in the lowenergy effective action. The processes known as pion beta decays or pibeta are the beta decays of the charged pions. How rare pion decays relate to precision neutron decay. Volume 420, issues 34, 26 february 1998, pages 267273. Soon came the rutherford atom and the nucleus and the bohr quantization.
N where n is the number of atoms of the nuclide under consideration. Pattnaik c a department of physics, berhampur university, berhampur760007, orissa, india b department of mathematics and science, smit, ankushpur, berhampur, orissa, india c department of physics, temple city institute of technology and. Pdf making use of the recently developed chiral power counting for the physics of nuclear matter 1,2, we evaluate the inmedium chiral quark. This reading is supplementary to that, and the subsection ordering will mirror that of kranes, at least until. According to the emitter theory, the velocity of an emitted particle is influenced by the velocity of its source. The decay constant of a radioactive nuclide is defined by the relationship d n d t. Mass and decay constant of the qq pion in a relativisticpotential.
We study the pion decay constant, associated with the time component of the axial current, in the nuclear medium in terms of the pion selfenergy. Decay constant, proportionality between the size of a population of radioactive atoms and the rate at which the population decreases because of radioactive decay. Precision measurement of the neutral pion lifetime science. The decay constant is the fraction of the number of atoms that decay in 1 second. The decay constant gives you an idea of how quickly or slowly a material will decay. The residual interactions due to quarkpion coupling arising out of the chiral symmetry. The positive and negative pions have longer lifetimes of about 2.
Now, at the righthandside the dimension is two the decay constant and the mass are measured in mev. Mass and decay constant of the qqpion in a relativisticpotential model of independent quarks. We calculated the decay constant and radius of the pion in the framework of the bethesalpeter equation with the vectorvectortype flatbottom potential. The neutral pion decays to two photons gamma rays 98.
Our predictions for the finitebox vector meson energy levels in fig. We compute the thermal mass of the pions and the pion decay constant to leading order in chiral perturbation theory. Waveform analysis for a precision pion decay measurement. On this basis we conjecture that the asymptotic crosssections obey n. Jan 18, 20 my first step was to ensure momentum was conserved, stating that once the pion decayed, the positron and neutrino went off in opposite directions. Each pion consists o a quark an an antiquark an is tharefore a meson. We speculate on the implications of the groundstate meson decay constantf 93 mev setting the scale for hadron dynamics. Both cases were calculated in 1 and can be downloaded from 34. Pions are the lichtest mesons an thay play an important role in explainin the lawenergy properties o the strang nuclear force. To lowest order in a double perturbation expansion in. The leptonic decay constant and the mass of the bcmeson are estimated using two. In particle physics, the pion decay constant is the square root of the coefficient in front of the. The standard reference for the oneloop renormalization of chpth is gasser and leutwyler, chiral perturbation theory to one loop, annals of physics. Calculations of the decay constant and radius of the pion.
Thomson discovered the electron in 1897 and the electron remains the prototype of an elementary particle, while many other particles discovered between then and today have lost that status. Hence, by waiting long enough, all the k0 s mesons decay away. Using this i found the rest energy of the pion to simply. The low energy constant, in turn, determines the leading contribution in the chiral expansion of the pion decay constant.
Note constant range of muons muons have constant kinetic energy. We also obtain exact expressions for the pion decay constant, f. Scalar form factor of the pion in the krollleezumino. Zarnauskas albert einstein center for fundamental physics, institute for theoretical physics, university of bern, sidlerstr. This rate is parametrized by the pion decay constant. Elementary particle physics is barely 108 years old. The negative pion decays into a muon and a muon antineutrino as illustrated below.
The final states involve mesons and leptons and are consequently known as semileptonic decays. This scalar form factor is not accessible experimentally, but it has been determined from lattice qcd. Excess low energy photon pairs from pion annihilation at the. An analytic analysis of the pion decay constant in threeflavoured. Nuclear and particle physics lecture 16 neutral kaon. This study achieved access to the decay constant by separating the structure functions for highly forward scattering to examine the pionmass pole in the tchannel where the decay constant is linearly present in the dominate term. Lifetime and decay length consider a e14gev negative pion which decays in to a muon and a muon antineutrino. All you can do is adjust the parameters in your nloop calculation so that the physical value is reproduced. Next i went about finding the rest energy of the pion, which following the equation, e. Radioactive decay note to students and other readers. For the pion, the decay rate into two leptons in a general case of three massive neutrinos with mixing is given by.947 552 1303 187 531 364 1202 202 1406 1042 587 515 895 260 656 348 373 1070 596 466 214 189 1327 1023 447 586 428 1509 1038 1095 1368 693 58 1279 1302 611 1184 83 740 1063